Sir Ernest Shackleton, an Anglo-Irish explorer is one of the greatest legends of polar exploration. His ship The Endurance was trapped and holed by sea-ice which caused it to sink in the Weddell Sea on November 21, 1915, when it was crushed by ice.
Shackleton, in a truly brave and heroic act managed to save his entire crew on small lifeboat and on foot before the vessel sank.
The crew on board The Endurance consisted of four scientists, a geologist, a meteorologist, a physicist, and a biologist, and they conducted innovative experiments.
The crew were pioneers with very minimal technology, no calculators, no satellites, no micro-electronics, and there adventure has been hailed as extraordinary.
According to the Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust, the wreck has been located on Saturday, 107 years after it sank off the coast of Antarctica, at a depth of 3,008 metres and approximately four miles (6.43 km) south of the position that was recorded by the ship’s captain Frank Worsley.
Despite having been submerged at such a depth for over a century, it has been said Endurance was “by far the finest wooden shipwreck” that the expedition’s director of exploration has ever seen.
He went onto say, “It is upright, well proud of the seabed, intact, and in a brilliant state of preservation. You can even see ‘Endurance’ arced across the stern, directly below the traffrail”.
The rigging is in a tangle, there is some damage at the bow which is believed to be from the moment the sinking ship hit the seabed, the masts are down, and the anchors are visible. Boots and Crockery were even seen.
The search was undertaken, battling sea-ice that was constantly shifting, temperatures that dropped to below -18 degrees Celsius and blizzards, but the expedition has been a success despite many people having said that it was impossible.
The Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust used a South African icebreaker, Agulhas II which was equipped with submersibles that were remotely operated.